Monday, 2 May 2016

How To Tell If Your Child Is Over Weight-Obesity

INTRODUCTION:
Childhood obesity is a serious medical that affects Children and adolescents.It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her age and height.Many young people struggle with excess weight. Almost 1 in 3 children ages 5 to 11 is considered to be overweight or obese.Weighing too many increases the chances that young people may develop some health problems now and later in life. As a parent or other caregiver, you can do a lot to help your child reach and maintain a healthy weight. Healthy eating and physical activity habits are important for your child's well-being. You can take an active role to help your child and your whole family learns healthy habits that last a lifetime.


HOW TO TELL IF YOUR CHILD IS OVERWEIGHT
Telling whether a child is overweight isn't always easy. Children grow at different rates at different times. Also, the amount of body fat changes with age and differs between girls and boys.

One way to determine a person's weight status is to calculate body mass index (BMI). The BMI measures a person's weight in relation to his or her height. The BMI of children is age- and sex-specific and known as the "BMI-for-age." BMI-for-age uses growth charts created by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the year 2000.

A number called a percentile shows how your child's BMI compares with the BMI of others. For example, if your child's BMI is in the 90th percentile, this means that his or her BMI is greater than the BMI of 89 percent of children of the same age and sex. The main BMI-for-age categories are these:

Healthy weight: 5th to 84th percentile
Overweight: 85th to 94th percentile
Obese: 95th percentile or greater
If you have concerns about your child's weight, speak with his or her health care provider.

Why Should It Be My Concern?
There are many reasons to care if your child is in the overweight or obese category. In the short run, he or she may develop joint pain and/or breathing problems. These health issues may make it hard to keep up with friends. Some children may develop obesity-related health problems, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, because of excess weight.

Youth who weigh too much may become obese adults. This increases the chances that they may develop heart disease and certain cancers as adults.

If you are worried about your child's weight, talk to your health care provider. He or she can check your child's overall health and tell you if weight management may be helpful.

How can I help My child Get Healthy Habit?
Parents and other caregivers can play an important role in helping children build healthy eating and physical activity habits that will last a lifetime.To help your child develop healthy habits,

be a positive role model. Children are good learners and they often imitate what they see. Choose healthy foods and active pastimes for yourself.
Involve the whole family in building healthy eating and physical activity habits. This benefits everyone and doesn't single out the child who is overweight.


What Tips Will Help My Child Eat Better?
A healthy eating plan limits foods that lead to weight gain. Foods that should be limited include these:

Fats that are solid at room temperature (like butter and lard)
Foods that are high in calories, sugar, and salt like sugary drinks, chips, cookies, fries, and candy
Refined grains (white flour, rice, and pasta)
Just like adults, children should replace unhealthy foods with a variety of healthy foods, including these:

Fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, and whole grains like brown rice
Fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products or substitutes, like soy beverages that have added calcium and vitamin D
Lean meats, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, soy products, and eggs
The following changes may help your child eat healthier at home:

Buy and serve more fruits and vegetables (fresh, frozen, canned, or dried). Let your child choose them at the store. Use a new fruit to make smoothies.
Buy fewer high-calorie foods like sugary drinks, chips, cookies, fries, and candy.
Offer your child water or low-fat milk instead of fruit juice.
Other ways to support healthy eating habits include these:

Make healthy choices easy. Put nutritious foods where they are easy to see and keep any high-calorie foods out of sight.Eat fast food less often. When you do visit a fast food restaurant, encourage your family to choose the healthier options, such as salads with low-fat dressing.
Plan healthy meals and eat together as a family so you can explore a variety of foods together.

TO HELP YOUR CHILD DEVELOP A HEALTHY ATTITUDE TOWARD FOOD, TRY THESE IDEAS:

Don't use food as a reward when encouraging kids to eat. Promising dessert to a child for eating vegetables, for example, sends the message that vegetables are less valuable than dessert.
Explain the reasons for eating whatever it is you are serving. Don't make your child clean his or her plate.Limit eating to specific meal and snack times. At other times, the kitchen is "closed."
Avoid large portions. Start with small servings and let your child ask for more if he or she is still hungry



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